Excerpt Introduction The way how children acquire language is still not clearly and satisfactory answered. Various theses have emerged since researchers have been started getting interested in how children acquire language.
How to Write a Summary of an Article? In second language learning, language plays an institutional and social role in the community.
It functions as a recognized means of communication among members who speak some other language as their native tongue. In foreign language learning, language plays no major role in the community and is primarily learned in the classroom. Learning a second language requires: The study of second language acquisition involves: Learners acquire a second language by making use of existing knowledge of the native language, general learning strategies, or universal properties of language to internalize knowledge of the second language.
Communication strategies are employed by the learner to make use of existing knowledge to cope with communication difficulties. Learners acquire a second language by drawing on their background experiences and prior knowledge in their first language. They experiment with the second language by using features found in their first language which are similar to those in the second language.
Motherese in language aquisition essay strategies help the learners use what they already know to overcome breakdowns in communication. Individual differences affect second language acquisition.
These differences may be developmental, cognitive, affective or social. There are factors that are fixed which we cannot control such as age and language learning aptitude.
There are some variable factors such as motivation which are controlled by social setting and the course taken for developing the second language.
There are many different types of learner strategies which teachers need to be aware of in order to understand the strategies children bring with them and how they learn best. Language learners may need to be taught strategies for relating new knowledge to prior knowledge, for organizing information more effectively and for seeking opportunities for communicating with target language speakers.
Researchers identified a natural order of strategies for developing a second language. The order of development starts with the very simple imitation of a word or language structure, to self-talk, to self-correcting, and to role-playing.
There are several theories of second language acquisition which have provided information on how second languages are learned. The Universalists studied a wide-range of languages to find out how languages vary and what makes them vary.
They looked at language patterns, language universals features of language which are common across many languages as well as other properties of language. Universalists also claimed that language is acquired through innateness nature and that certain conditions trigger the development of language nurture.
The search for meaning is innate. Activities and instructional materials need to be presented in a meaningful, relevant and interesting manner in order to allow students to make language learning connections.
Behaviorists claimed that learners learn by undergoing training and practice through a series of stimulus and response chains and operant conditioning. The environment provides the stimulus and the learner provides the response.
According to the Behaviorist theory, reinforcement motivates the formation of a language habit. Behaviorist Theory Continued Theory When the learner learns a language, this learning includes a set of stimulusresponse-reward S-R-R chains.
Imitation provides the learner with a repertoire of appropriate, productive responses. The learner learns to imitate or approximate the productive responses provided by the environment.'Motherese' is known as 'Caretaker speech' or 'Parentese'; this is an important part of language acquisition.
According to Sara Thorne's mastering advanced English language. Motherese means: the 'altered interaction of adults towards children. This essay looked at three theories of language acquisition: the linguistic theory, behaviourist theory and social interactionist theory.
Each theory included an explanation of the theory, discussed whether it took a nativist or empirical approach and whether the evidence .
'Motherese' is known as 'Caretaker speech' or 'Parentese'; this is an important part of language acquisition. According to Sara Thorne's mastering advanced English language. Motherese means: the 'altered interaction of adults towards children.
Motherese in Language Aquisition Essay - Motherese in Language Aquisition 'Motherese' is known as 'Caretaker speech' or 'Parentese'; this is an important part of language acquisition. According to Sara Thorne's mastering advanced English language. Essay on Motherese in Language Aquisition Words | 5 Pages Motherese in Language Aquisition 'Motherese' is known as 'Caretaker speech' or 'Parentese'; .
As there are more aspects which are involved in language acquisition this essay is restricted to motherese and its possible connection with language acquisition. Language acquisition To understand the effect and function motherese could have on early language acquisition it seems to be of good help to distinguish the process of the child’s Pages: 9.