She is best known for her reworking of the Freudian theory of the ego ideal and its connection to primary narcissismas well as for her extension of this theory to a critique of utopian ideology. Chasseguet-Smirgel was born in Paris in ; as a Jew of Central European ancestry, she lost many relatives in the Holocaust.
The ego ideal takes the place of the narcissism lost during childhood and promises the possible realization of narcissism in the future. The ego ideal and superego, together with the ideal ego, form a group of agencies that should be clearly distinguished, even though Freud sometimes used the first two interchangeably.
Freud introduced the superego in The Ego and the Id b. It enabled Ego essay ideal ideal malady psychoanalytic to distinguish the normative aspect of the psyche the superego from the motivational aspect directed toward a goal the ego ideal.
Originally, however, the two aspects were present in the ego ideal, which was also not differentiated from the ideal ego. This lack of differentiation reappeared in New Introductory Lectures on Psycho-Analysis a where the ego ideal became a function of the superego.
The ego ideal is formed when the child, through the crucial influence of parents, educators, and others in the environment, is forced to abandon its infantile narcissism. This is made possible by the formation of this substitute, the ego ideal, which leaves open the possibility that in the future the child will be able to rejoin ego and ideal.
In The Ego and the Id bFreud indicates that the superego develops from identification with the paternal model. For identification to take place, the erotic component has to be sublimated. As a result, it no longer has the strength to bind the destructive component of the psyche.
All of this creates a libidinal split. Consequently, the superego becomes harsh, even self-destructive. Out of this arises a feeling of unconscious guilt, and in melancholia the child finds the same ego ideal, dissociated from the ego, raging against it.
The ego ideal demands that the subject make changes to achieve the ideal, but the existence of the ego ideal does not mean that the subject has succeeded in achieving this goal.
Thus, the idealist may refuse to see reality, including that of his own libidinal experience, even though he has not sublimated anything, in the sense of modifying the goal and object of the drive. To the extent that the ego ideal is conflated with the superego, it includes the moral conscience, which continuously compares the actual ego with the ego ideal.
Similarly, dream censorship and repression can be associated with the ego ideal. In fact, the ego ideal comprises all the restrictions to which the ego must submit to conform with the image detached from its own narcissism and projected before it.
The ego ideal is not only a critic; when something in the ego coincides with the ego ideal, it can also produce a sensation of triumph, in which self-esteem is enhanced.
When the ego ideal is replaced by an idealized object, the ego ideal can be short-circuited in inciting the ego. This notion led Piera Aulagnier to develop the concept of alienation, where the relationship is libidinal in nature since it involves another subject, an object gambling or drugs, for exampleor even an activity sports, work.
With the concept of the ego ideal, Freud considerably enriched the understanding of group psychology. Starting from an analysis of the relation between hypnotizer and hypnotist, he defined the group as "a number of individuals who have put one and the same object in the place of their ego ideal and have consequently identified themselves with one another in their ego" c, p.
All in the group are then collectively capable of being subjected to whatever represents this now collective ego ideal. The consequences are well known.
Conscience has no application to anything that is done for the sake of the object; in the blindness of love remorselessness is carried to the pitch of crime.
The whole situation can be completely summarized in a formula:Harmonizing to Freud.
superego consists of two parts. the scruples and ideal ego. The scruples punishes the self-importance by making feelings of guilt (McLeod.
). For illustration. a kid bargain some cookies from the kitchen. he or she will experience guilty.
The term "ego ideal," first introduced by Freud in , has undergone a number of subtle changes in meaningduring the course of the development of psychoanalytic metapsychology.
There are three aspects of an ego: body ego, ego ideal, and ego identity. Body ego refers to the way of perceiving our physical self as different from other people. The ego ideal refers to the image an individual has of him or herself in comparison to an established ideal.
Freud’s Theory of Id, Ego, Superego Essay Sample.
Categories. Free Essays; Tags. Harmonizing to Freud. superego consists of two parts. the scruples and ideal ego. The scruples punishes the self-importance by making feelings of guilt (McLeod. ). He was the first president of the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society. At the beginning.
If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to reset your password. Psychoanalysis and Beyond Chasseguet‐Smirgel, Janine. The Ego Ideal: A Psychoanalytic Essay on the Malady of the Ideal Rothstein, Arnold.
The Narcissistic Pursuit of Perfection.