It was painted as a reaction to the aerial bombing of Guernica, Spain by German and Italian forces during the Spanish Civil War in Guernica shows the cataclysms of war as well as the anguish and destruction it inflicts upon people, especially innocent civilians. This painting has attained an enormous reputation over the years, and has become an everlasting reminder of the devastation of war, in addition to becoming an anti-war icon.
He had last visited Spain in and never returned. During the Spanish Civil War, it was regarded as the northern bastion of the Republican resistance movement and the center of Basque culture, adding to its significance as a target. The Nationalists, led by General Francisco Franco, sought a return to pre-Republican Spain, based on law, order, and traditional Catholic values.
Germany, at this time led by Hitler, had lent material support to the Nationalists. Later, intense aerial bombardment became a crucial preliminary step in the Blitzkrieg tactic.
The s toppled a number of houses and destroyed the water mains. The incendiaries now could spread and become effective.
The materials of the houses: Most inhabitants were away because of a holiday; a majority of the rest left town immediately at the beginning [of the bombardment].
A small number perished in shelters that were hit.
Any Republican retreat towards Bilbao and any Nationalist advance towards Bilbao had to pass through Guernica. The following day, Richthofen wrote in his war diary, "Guernica burning.
The nearest military target of any consequence was a factory on the outskirts of the town, which manufactured various war products. The factory went through the attack unscathed.
Thus, the motivation of the bombing was one of intimidation. Also, women and children have often been presented by Picasso as the very perfection of mankind. Guernica, the most ancient town of the Basques and the centre of their cultural tradition, was completely destroyed yesterday afternoon by insurgent air raiders.
The bombardment of this open town far behind the lines occupied precisely three hours and a quarter, during which a powerful fleet of aeroplanes consisting of three types of German types, Junkers and Heinkel bombers, did not cease unloading on the town bombs weighing from 1, lbs.
The fighters, meanwhile, plunged low from above the centre of the town to machinegun those of the civilian population who had taken refuge in the fields.
My whole life as an artist has been nothing more than a continuous struggle against reaction and the death of art.
How could anybody think for a moment that I could be in agreement with reaction and death? In the panel on which I am working, which I shall call Guernica, and in all my recent works of art, I clearly express my abhorrence of the military caste which has sunk Spain in an ocean of pain and death.Guernica (Basque pronunciation:) is a large oil painting on canvas by Spanish artist Pablo Picasso completed in June , at his home on Rue des Grands Augustins, in Paris.
The painting, now in the Museo Reina Sofia in Madrid, was done with a palette of gray, black, and white, and is regarded by many art critics as one of the most moving and powerful anti-war paintings in history.
At a glance, if someone knows nothing about the painting Guernica by Pablo Picasso, it might look insane, unintelligible, and meaningless.
However, the picture hides . Pablo Picasso painted Guernica in for the International Exposition dedicated to Art and Technology in Modern Life, celebrated that same year in the city of Paris. One year before, on the 17th of July , a bloody civil war that opposed the left wing republican government to a right-wing military uprising had started in Spain.
It featured in the Picasso survey exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art in New York, and Picasso would stipulate that MoMA act as Guernica’s guardian. Between and ’52, Guernica traveled to art institutions across the U.S.; thereafter, it was exhibited in Brazil and throughout western Europe—until , when it was returned to.
Guernica (Basque pronunciation:) is a mural-sized oil painting on canvas by Spanish artist Pablo Picasso completed in June , at his home on Rue des Grands Augustins, in Paris.
The painting, now in the Museo Reina Sofia in Madrid, was done with a palette of gray, black, and white, and is regarded by many art critics as one of the most moving .
Guernica () by artist Pablo Picasso is one of the most famous paintings of all time. Like so many famous works of art, the meaning of Picasso's Guernica is not immediately clear and left wide open to analysis and interpretation.