Arab Republic of Egypt Previously: The United Arab Republic. The Egyptian Kingdom Orientation Identification.
Languages[ edit ] Arabic Calligraphy has seen its golden age in Cairo. This adornment and beeds being sold in Muizz Street Main article: Languages of Egypt Arabic is Egypt's official language, it came to Egypt in the 7th century,  and the Egyptian Arabic dialect today has become the modern speech of the country.
Of the many varieties of Arabic, it is the most widely spoken second dialect, due to the influence of Egyptian cinema and media throughout the Arabic-speaking world. Egypt's position in the heart of the Arab world has also had reversed influence, adopting many words, phrases, and proverbs from neighboring Arabic speaking areas such as the Maghreb area and the Mashriq.
Today the daily Egyptian Arabic adopted several French, Italian, Greek, Turkish, Armenian and English words to its dictionary, as well as keeping several other words from its own ancient languages such as Coptic and Demotic. The Egyptian languagewhich formed a separate branch among the family of Afro-Asiatic languageswas among the first written languages and is known from the hieroglyphic inscriptions preserved on monuments and sheets of papyrus.
The Coptic languagethe most recent stage of Egyptian, is today the liturgical language of the Coptic Orthodox Church. The Berber languages are represented by Siwispoken by about 20, around the Siwa Oasis. Other minorities include roughly 60, Greek speakers in Alexandria and Cairo as well as roughly 10, Armenian speakers.
Many Egyptians believed that when it came to a death of their Pharaoh, they would have to bury the Pharaoh deep inside the Pyramid. Religious literature is best known for its hymns to and its mortuary texts.
The oldest extant Egyptian literature is the Pyramid Texts: The later, secular literature of ancient Egypt includes the 'wisdom texts', forms of philosophical instruction. The Instruction of Ptahhotep, for example, is a collation of moral proverbs by an Egto the middle of the second millennium BC seem to have been drawn from an elite administrative class, and were celebrated and revered into the New Kingdom to the end of the second millennium.
In time, the Pyramid Texts became Coffin Texts perhaps after the end of the Old Kingdomand finally, the mortuary literature produced its masterpiece, the Book of the Deadduring the New Kingdom. The Middle Kingdom was the golden age of Egyptian literature.
Instructions became a popular literary genre of the New Kingdomtaking the form of advice on proper behavior. The Story of Wenamun and the Instruction of Any are well-known examples from this period. From this period comes the Rosetta Stonewhich became the key to unlocking the mysteries of Egyptian writing to modern scholarship.
The great city of Alexandria boasted its famous Library of almost half a million handwritten books during the third century BC. Alexandria's center of learning also produced the Greek translation of the Hebrew Biblethe Septuagint.
Drep During the first few centuries of the Christian era, Egypt was the ultimate source of a great deal of ascetic literature in the Coptic language. Egyptian monasteries translated many Greek and Syriac words, which are now only extant in Coptic.
Under IslamEgypt continued to be a great source of literary endeavor, now in the Arabic language. Inal-Azhar University was founded in Cairowhich to this day remains the most important center of Sunni Islamic learning.
In 12th-century Egypt, the Jewish Talmudic scholar Maimonides produced his most important work. In contemporary times, Egyptian novelists and poets were among the last to experiment with modern styles of Arabic-language literature, and the forms they developed have been widely imitated.
Many Egyptian books and films are available throughout the Middle East. Other prominent Egyptian writers include Nawal El Saadawiwell known for her feminist works and activismand Alifa Rifaat who also writes about women and tradition.The Egyptian culture is something that has fascinated the human race for thousands of years.
Their cryptic writing and obsession with the afterlife have captivated people across the globe for centuries. The lives of the Egyptians were so centrally focused on their life after death, that it. The culture of Egypt has thousands of years of recorded history. The most popular Egyptian pop singers are Amr Diab, Tamer Hosny, Mohamed Mounir and Ali El Haggar.
One of the most respected early electronic music composers, Halim El-Dabh, is an Egyptian. Unlike most editing & proofreading services, we edit for everything: grammar, spelling, punctuation, idea flow, sentence structure, & more.
Get started now! Culture of Egypt - history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family Cr-Ga. EGYPTIAN RELIGION: AN OVERVIEW.
Before beginning to survey ancient Egyptian religion, a number of limiting factors must be considered. The data upon which this survey rests come from all periods and many different sites, but these times and places are very unevenly represented. Ancient Egyptian culture flourished between c.
BCE with the rise of technology (as evidenced in the glass-work of faience) and 30 BCE with the death of Cleopatra VII, the last Ptolemaic ruler of Egypt.
It is famous today for the great monuments which celebrated the triumphs of the rulers and.